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Freight Types and Driving Opportunities

What Kind of Freight Types Are There? And What Kind of Driving Opportunities Will I Have?

WDS Enterprises Michigan Truck Driving Jobs

As a truck driver, it is important to know the kinds of freight types that are available and all of the details such as average compensation and difficulty level, in this blog WDS Enterprises highlights the types of freights and driving opportunities that come with truck driving job and where they are most commonly used. This article is specifically to learn more about how our company operates and the types of freights we offer in our positions across the country. Our goal is to specify how these freight types will come into play for each location of your truck driving job so that you can be prepared with the knowledge of what’s to come.

Common Freight Types

Van Truckload

Dry Van Truckload drivers haul a huge variety of goods in standard 53-foot dry van trailers, delivering to a wide variety of customers throughout the U.S. Van Truckloads are commonly used for Regional and OTR truck driving jobs. This is not a difficult freight type and most of the time dry van truckloads are used to train new truck drivers that have chosen to expand outside of local truck driving jobs. You will almost never have to help unload these types of freights, as the customer will take care of this for you.


Dedicated truck drivers haul freight for one primary customer only. Because you’ll be dedicated to delivering their freight, you’ll get to know their people, their schedules, and their routes. This will give you a sense of familiarity, and predictability of schedule. These are typically dry van truckloads, flatbeds, and home deliveries depending on who the customer is. The difficulty level depends on the type of haul this is and is recommended for intermediate to expert level truck drivers.


Intermodal means using two or more different modes of transportation in transporting goods. At Schneider that involves drivers bringing freight containers secured to a chassis to a rail yard, where they’re lifted on a train and shipped long distance by rail, then picked up at the destination rail yard by another driver, who then transports it to the final customer. These are commonly local and regional type hauls and are done solo. For the driver learning how to perform these types of hauls it is also common for a more experienced driver to accompany the first couple hauls like this.


Tanker truck drivers deliver liquid bulk such as water, or dry bulk like sand loads, typically in steel tank trailers with hands-on loading and unloading processes with pumps and hoses. The trailer can be designed to haul chemicals and corrosives, or contain multiple compartments, or control product temperature. Tanker hauls compensate the greatest aside from Over-The-Road hauls because of the difficulty level and is recommended for expert level truck drivers.

Common Driving Opportunities


Solo means exactly that and is the most common type of driving opportunity. You’ll be by yourself in the driver’s seat delivering these hauls. Solo truck driving is mostly for local and regional truck driving jobs, but you will also see solo truck drivers making Over-The-Road missions by themselves as well. Driving solo is completely optional in OTR jobs, but for local and regional truck driving jobs you won’t feel the need to have a driving partner by your side.


Team driving is when two experienced truck drivers take turns driving the same truck, the top benefit of driving as a team vs. solo is that you’ll be less lonely, and also be able to cover more miles than you would on your own. This other team driver can be someone from WDS Enterprises, or a friend, or loved one who has all of the same certifications that you will be required to have to drive these trucks. This is mostly for OTR haul types, and team driving is common for dry van truckloads that are covering a large number of miles. Team drivers can expect to drive anywhere from 1000-5000 miles on each trip. The compensation for team drivers is almost double what a solo driver would make, from cost per mileage to actual hourly pay.